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The Austro-Hungarian Empire

Austria-Hungary is being crushed by Russia, and Germany is hard-pressed to help while fighting France and Great Britain on the Western Front. By early 1915, Germany had repeatedly come to Austria-Hungary's aid in its war against Russia and Serbia. A postcard of a sculpture by Rizzi.
Text:
Un aiuto difficile
It's hard to help out
D.M. 527
Rizzi
Reverse:
I nostri soggetti sono depositati.
E' vietata qualsiasi reproduzione.
Our subjects are registered.
We prohibit any reproduction.

Austria-Hungary is being crushed by Russia, and Germany is hard-pressed to help while fighting France and Great Britain on the Western Front. By early 1915, Germany had repeatedly come to Austria-Hungary's aid in its war against Russia and Serbia. A postcard of a sculpture by Rizzi.

Image text

Un aiuto difficile



It's hard to help out



D.M. 527

Rizzi



Reverse:

I nostri soggetti sono depositati.

E' vietata qualsiasi reproduzione.



Our subjects are registered.

We prohibit any reproduction.

Other views: Larger

The Austro-Hungarian Empire united the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary under the Habsburgs. Besides the largely Germanic Austrians and the Magyars of Hungary, the Empire ruled over large ethnic and linguistic populations of Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, Romanians, Slovenes, Croats, Serbians, Ruthenians, and Italians.

The two nations of the Empire, Austria and Hungary, shared a head of state and ministries of foreign affairs, finance, and defense. The countries had separate parliaments (in Vienna and Budapest) and prime ministers. Franz Josef was Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, and Commander in Chief of the armed forces. His rule, his army, his fleet, were K.u.K., kaiserlich und königlich, Imperial and Royal.

Austria-Hungary's incorporation of Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1908 thwarted Serbia's hope to bring the province under its own control, and incorporated large populations of ethnic Serbs and Croats, many of them Orthodox and Moslem, into the empire.

In 1914, Commander-in-Chief Conrad von Hötzendorf failed on the Serbian and Russian fronts. Austria-Hungary's three 1914 invasions of Serbia failed at great cost. In four battles against Russia, Austria-Hungary lost Galicia, much of Austria-Hungary's rolling stock, and 350,000 of his 900,000 men.

On November 2, 1918, the Hungarian Republic recalled all Hungarian troops.

From the lands and peoples of Austria-Hungary the nations of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia were created. Transylvania and Bukovina became part of a greater Romania, Galicia part of Poland, the south Tyrol and Trieste part of Italy.

Of nine million men mobilized, 1,050,000 were dead at the war's end.

In his memoir In the World War, Count Ottokar Czernin, Former Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, summed up the fall of the Monarchy: 'We were bound to die. We were at liberty to choose the manner of our death, and we chose the most terrible.'

The Austro-Hungarian Empire is a country in Europe.

A sample pie chart graphic

Statistics for Austria-Hungary (1)

Type Statistic
Population 51,059,810

Places in The Austro-Hungarian Empire (10)

Click to View Location Type
Bosnia-Herzegovina Region
Budapest City
Bukovina Region
Galicia Region
Hungary Country
Przemysl City
Transylvania Region
Trentino and Alto Adige Region
Trieste City
Vienna City

People from Austria-Hungary (9)

Last Name First Name Full Name Role
Conrad von Hötzendorf Franz Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf
Ferdinand of Austria-Este Franz Franz Ferdinand
Franz Joseph Emperor Franz Joseph
Karl Karl Karl, Emperor of Austria-Hungary
Krobatin Alexander Alexander von Krobatin
Kövess Hermann Hermann Kövess von Kövess-Háza
Pflanzer-Baltin Karl Pflanzer-Baltin
Princip Gavrilo Gavrilo Princip
Trapp Georg Georg von Trapp

Books about Austria-Hungary (11)

Title Author Last Name Author First Name
Austria-Hungary, including Dalmatia and Bosnia : handbook for travellers Baedeker Karl
In the World War Czernin Ottokar
The Road to Sarajevo Dedijer Vladimir
The Austro-Hungarian Forces in World War I (1) 1914-16 Jung Peter
Budapest 1900: A Historical Portrait of a City & its Culture Lukacs John
The Passing of the Hapsburg Monarchy, 1914-1918 2 Volumes May Arthur James
Brandenburg D.I Meindl Karl
The Radetzky March Roth Joseph
Three Novellas Roth Joseph
One Morning in Sarajevo: 28 June 1914 Smith David James
A Mad Catastrophe Wawro Geoffrey