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Bukovina

Detail from Cram's 1903 Railway Map of the Austro-Hungarian Empire showing Galicia and Bukovina.

Detail from Cram's 1903 Railway Map of the Austro-Hungarian Empire showing Galicia and Bukovina.

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Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.

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A region of region of Austria-Hungary bordering Galicia, Russia, and Romania, the Bukovina was taken by Austria in 1775. Like Galicia, it is separated from Hungary by the Carpathian Mountains. And was a battleground between Russia and Austria-Hungary during the war.

In the Galician Battles of 1914, Russia seized both Galicia and Bukovina from Austria-Hungary, but could not advance through the Carpathians into Hungary.

In 1915, Austria-Hungary and Germany retook the region during the Gorlice-Tarnow Offensive. In 1916, Russia again invaded in the Brusilov Offensive.

Romanian political leaders met on October 27, 1918 in Chernowitz, proclaiming themselves a Constituent Assembly. They voted for the union of Bukovina to the mother country, and elected a national council.

On November 28, the General Congress of Bukovina, representing various ethnic groups voted in for the re-union of Bukovina and Romania.

Bukovina is a region in Austria-Hungary.