TimelineMaps

Follow us through the World War I centennial on Follow wwitoday on Twitter

Hungary

Peoples of Austria-Hungary in 1914 from Historical Altas by William R. Shepherd. The empire's population included Germans, Magyars, Romanians, Italians, and Slavs including Croats, Serbians, Ruthenians, Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, and Slovenes.

Peoples of Austria-Hungary in 1914 from Historical Altas by William R. Shepherd. The empire's population included Germans, Magyars, Romanians, Italians, and Slavs including Croats, Serbians, Ruthenians, Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, and Slovenes.

Image text

Peoples of Austria-Hungary in 1914

Legend:

Germans, Magyars, Romanians, Italians, and Slavs including Croats, Serbians, Ruthenians, Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, and Slovenes.

Other views: Larger, Larger, Detail

With the Austrian Empire, Hungary was one of two nations within the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Empire centralized the military and the finance and foreign ministries in Vienna. Hungary had its own Prime Minister and parliament in Budapest. Kaiser Franz Josef was Emperor of the Austrian Empire and King of Hungary.

In Austria-Hungary's decision to go to war against Serbia after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the Royal Hungarian Premier Etienne Tisza was the sole opponent to an immediate decision for war in a vote taken by the Council of Ministers for Common (that is, Austro-Hungarian) Affairs on July 7, 1914. On July 14, Tisza joined the Council's unanimous approval of war against Serbia, and told Heinrich Leopold Tschirschky, the German Ambassador to Austria-Hungary, 'Together we shall now look the future calmly and firmly in the face.'

With Austria-Hungary's defeats in the Galician battles of 1914, only the successful defense of the passes in the Carpathian Mountains prevented Russian forces from advancing across the Hungarian plain to Budapest.

Relations between Austria and Hungary were strained during the war, and Hungary sometimes refused to ship food to Austria.

On August 27, 1916 Romania declared war on Austria-Hungary and invaded Transylvania which had a large Romanian population and bordered Hungary.

On November 2, 1918, as the Empire was breaking apart, the Hungarian Republic recalled all Hungarian troops.

Hungary is a country in Austria-Hungary.