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Bulgaria

On one bank of a river, dismayed French, Russian, Italian, and British soldiers watch 'Bulgaria' drift from its broken Russian leash to the opposite bank where German, Austrian and Turkish soldiers express satisfaction and delight. The 'river' leads, in the distance, to Istanbul. Still held by British tethers (and moneybag) are Greece and Romania.
Text:
Bulgarian title:
ЧЕТВОРНИЯ СЪЮЗЪ
Quadruple Alliance
E. A. Schwerdtfeger & Co. A.G. Berlin N. 85

On one bank of a river, dismayed French, Russian, Italian, and British soldiers watch Bulgaria drift from its broken Russian leash to the opposite bank where German, Austrian and Turkish soldiers express satisfaction and delight. The river leads, in the distance, to Istanbul. Still held by British tethers (and moneybag) are Greece and Romania.

Image text

ЧЕТВОРНИЯ СЪЮЗЪ

Quadruple Alliance

E. A. Schwerdtfeger & Co. A.G. Berlin N. 85

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With no prior declaration of war, Bulgaria joined Germany and Austria-Hungary in their invasion of Serbia on October 14, 1915, attacking from the east, and becoming the fourth and final Central Power.

The Treaty of Berlin ending the 1877-78 Russo-Turkish War had established the Principality of Bulgaria as a Turkish vassal state. In 1885 Bulgaria significantly expanded by annexing Eastern Rumelia forming a personal union under Ferdinand. On October 5, 1908, in the Balkan turmoil after the seizure of power by the Young Turks, Bulgaria declared independence.

With Serbia, Greece, and Montenegro, Bulgaria was a victor in the First Balkan War of 1912-13, but was dissatisfied with the treaty ending it and Serbia's refusal to honor pre-war commitments on the division of territory. It launched the Second Balkan War against Serbia and Greece, but was defeated when Romania struck its rear.

Both the Central Powers and the Entente Allies tried to entice the neutral nations to join their war effort. Bulgaria signed a secret treaty with Germany and Austria-Hungary on July 17, 1915, and concluded a military convention with Germany September 6. The country began mobilizing on September 23 .

With the German-Austro-Hungaria invasion of Serbia already underway, Bulgaria entered the war by striking at the Allies trying aid Serbia from the Salonica Front. The Bulgarians also struck Serbia from the east. Before such an attack, and with no aid, Serbia fell rapidly.

When Romania entered the war in 1916, Bulgarian forces helped defeat the new Entente Ally.

Bulgarians held the Salonica front facing the French-led Allied army.

The Battles of September 1918, and defeat.

Signs armistice ?, 1918.

F, Manifesto to the Bulgarian People, Oct 14/15, 1915 enters the war.

Great Events, V III, 1915, Ch XX. B Joins the Central Powers Oct 11

Bulgaria is a country in Europe.

A sample pie chart graphic

Statistics for Bulgaria (1)

Type Statistic
Population 4,467,000

Places in Bulgaria (1)

Click to View Location Type
Sofia City

People from Bulgaria (1)

Last Name First Name Full Name Role
Ferdinand of Bulgaria Ferdinand of Bulgaria

Books about Bulgaria (1)

Title Author Last Name Author First Name
The Balkans, A Laboratory of History Sloane William