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Galicia

Detail from Cram's 1903 Railway Map of the Austro-Hungarian Empire showing Galicia and Bukovina.

Detail from Cram's 1903 Railway Map of the Austro-Hungarian Empire showing Galicia and Bukovina.

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Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.

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A region of northeast Austria-Hungary isolated by the Carpathian Mountains and populated by ethnic Poles and Ruthenians (Little Russians). Przemyƛl and Lemberg, two of the Austro-Hungarian Empire's great fortresses were in Galicia.

Galicia was the scene of intense fighting between Austria-Hungary and Russia in 1914. In the Galician Battles of 1914, Russia seized Galicia from Austria-Hungary, but could not advance through the Carpathians into Hungary.

Galicia continued to be a major battleground on the Eastern Front. In 1915, Austria-Hungary and Germany retook the region during the Gorlice-Tarnow Offensive. In 1916, Russia again invaded in the Brusilov Offensive, but fell short of Lemberg and the advance of 1914.

Galicia is a region in Austria-Hungary.

A sample pie chart graphic

Books about Galicia (1)

Title Author Last Name Author First Name
Carpathian Disaster: Death of an Army Jukes Geoffrey