TimelineMaps

Follow us through the World War I centennial on Follow wwitoday on Twitter

Karl, Emperor of Austria-Hungary

Portraits of generals who led Austria-Hungary's armies in 1914, including Dankl, Böhm-Ermolli, Brudermann, and Auffenberg, the generals who led the First, Second, Third, and Fourth Armies against Russia, losing badly, and Oskar Potiorek, who led three failed invasions of Serbia in 1914.
Text:
Zur ewigen Erinnerung an das ereignisreiche Jahr
1914
Glück und Sieg unseren heldenmütigen Vaterlands-Verteidigern.
To the eternal memory of the great year
1914
Happiness and victory to our heroic defenders of Fatherland.
Reverse:
Message field postmarked October 6, 1914 to Heinrich Küffel of the K.u.K 13th Landwehr Infantry Regiment.

Portraits of generals who led Austria-Hungary's armies in 1914, including Dankl, Böhm-Ermolli, Brudermann, and Auffenberg, the generals who led the First, Second, Third, and Fourth Armies against Russia, losing badly, and Oskar Potiorek, who led three failed invasions of Serbia in 1914.

Image text

Zur ewigen Erinnerung an das ereignisreiche Jahr

1914

Glück und Sieg unseren heldenmütigen Vaterlands-Verteidigern.

To the eternal memory of the great year

1914

Happiness and victory to our heroic defenders of Fatherland.

Reverse:

Message field postmarked October 6, 1914 to Heinrich Küffel of the K.u.K 13th Landwehr Infantry Regiment.

Other views: Detail, Larger, Back

Emperor Karl I of Austria-Hungary and King Karl IV of Hungary.

On the death of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Karl, son of Franz Ferdinand's younger brother, became heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. On the death of his great-uncle Franz Joseph on November 21, 1916, Karl assumed the titles Emperor of Austria and Apostolic King of Hungary. He took command of the army on December 2, 1916.

Karl entered into secret negotiations with France for a peace separate from Germany. His denials of these negotiations were disproved when French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau released letters Karl had signed. Ottokar Czernin, Foreign Minister for both Franz Joseph and Karl, resigned in protest.

Karl relieved Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf as Chief of the Austro-Hungarian General Staff on March 1, 1917.

With the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Karl relinquished participation in the administration of the state, but never abdicated his throne, and twice tried to restore the monarchy. To prevent further attempts, the Allies exiled him to the island of Madeira in 1921, delivered there on a British cruiser.

Karl died on April 1, 1922.

Due in part to his efforts to end the war, Karl was beatified by Pope John Paul II on October 3, 2004.

August 17, 1887

April 1, 1922

Austria-Hungary