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Karl, Emperor of Austria-Hungary

Shared headstone of Erich Klein, infantryman, died June 13, 1918, Peter Graff, infantryman, died June 11, 1918, and Karl Börner, Deputy Officer, died June 10, 1918, in the Belleau German Cemetery, Belleau, France. They may have been killed during the weeks-long American attack to seize Belleau Wood, begun on June 6.
Text:
Erich Klein, Musketier, †13.6.1918
Peter Graff, Musketier, †11.6.1918
Karl Börner, Offz. Stellv., †10.6.1918
[Offizier Stellvertreter, Deputy Officer]

Shared headstone of Erich Klein, infantryman, died June 13, 1918, Peter Graff, infantryman, died June 11, 1918, and Karl Börner, Deputy Officer, died June 10, 1918, in the Belleau German Cemetery, Belleau, France. They may have been killed during the weeks-long American attack to seize Belleau Wood, begun on June 6. © 2014 by John M. Shea

Image text

Erich Klein, Musketier, †13.6.1918

Peter Graff, Musketier, †11.6.1918

Karl Börner, Offz. Stellv., †10.6.1918

[Offizier Stellvertreter, Deputy Officer]

Emperor Karl I of Austria-Hungary and King Karl IV of Hungary.

On the death of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Karl, son of Franz Ferdinand's younger brother, became heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. On the death of his great-uncle Franz Joseph on November 21, 1916, Karl assumed the titles Emperor of Austria and Apostolic King of Hungary. He took command of the army on December 2, 1916.

Karl entered into secret negotiations with France for a peace separate from Germany. His denials of these negotiations were disproved when French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau released letters Karl had signed. Ottokar Czernin, Foreign Minister for both Franz Joseph and Karl, resigned in protest.

Karl relieved Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf as Chief of the Austro-Hungarian General Staff on March 1, 1917.

With the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Karl relinquished participation in the administration of the state, but never abdicated his throne, and twice tried to restore the monarchy. To prevent further attempts, the Allies exiled him to the island of Madeira in 1921, delivered there on a British cruiser.

Karl died on April 1, 1922.

Due in part to his efforts to end the war, Karl was beatified by Pope John Paul II on October 3, 2004.

August 17, 1887

April 1, 1922

Austria-Hungary

Roles held by Karl, Emperor of Austria-Hungary

Role Start Date End Date
Heir to the Throne 1914-06-28 1916-11-21
Head of State 1916-11-21 1918-11-11

Books by or about Karl Karl (4)