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Kingdom of Italy

Heads of state of the Central Powers and Triple Entente fish for Italy, hoping to lure her into war. Clockwise from lower left, Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary dangles Ibiza and Savoy, France; Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany baits his hook with Tunisia in French North Africa. The lure of King George of the United Kingdom is Trieste, that of Marianne, personification of France, is Trentino, both in Austria-Hungary. Tsar Nicholas of Russia entices with the Adriatic Sea, Italy's eastern shore and home to Austria-Hungary's Navy.
Text:
Il Pesciolino
Vieni Pesciolino mio diletto, vieni . . . 
Deh! Vieni! Si vieni!
The Little fish
Come, my dear little fish, come. . .
Ah! Come on! They come!

Heads of state of the Central Powers and Triple Entente fish for Italy, hoping to lure her into war. Clockwise from lower left, Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary dangles Ibiza and Savoy, France; Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany baits his hook with Tunisia in French North Africa. The lure of King George of the United Kingdom is Trieste, that of Marianne, personification of France, is Trentino, both in Austria-Hungary. Tsar Nicholas of Russia entices with the Adriatic Sea, Italy's eastern shore and home to Austria-Hungary's Navy.

Image text

Il Pesciolino

Vieni Pesciolino mio diletto, vieni . . .

Deh! Vieni! Si vieni!



The Little fish

Come, my dear little fish, come. . .

Ah! Come on! They come!

Other views: Larger

The Kingdom of Italy, the third and wobbly leg of the Triple Alliance, still recovering from its 1913 war against the Turkey to seize what became Libya in north Africa, declared its neutrality in the summer of 1914 because Austria-Hungary's war against Serbia was not defensive. It made public is declaration of neutrality on August 3, 1914.

Italy had wrested its independence from Austria-Hungary in the nineteenth century, but had claims on further territory including Trentino and Alto Adige and Trieste with their large Italian-speaking populations.

Although there was strong neutralist sentiment in Italy, many, including the writer Gabriele D'Annuzio, called for Italy to war on Austria-Hungary.

On April 26, 1915, Italy signed the Pact of London with Britain, Russia and France, agreeing to enter the war against the Central Powers by May 26 in exchange for a promise of territories and a loan of £50 million. On May 20, 1915, Parliament voted for war, and on May 21, the Senate followed. Mobilization was ordered for May 22. On May 23, Italy sent an ultimatum sent to Austria-Hungary / declared war on Austria-Hungary, and in August, 1915, declared war on the Ottoman Empire. On October 19, 1915, Italy declared war on Bulgaria which had just joined the Central Powers in their invasion of Serbia. Italy finally declared war on Germany on August 28, 1916.

Italy began the war with 35 divisions. By the end of 1916 there were 48 and one and a half million men at the front.

Kingdom of Italy is a country in Europe.

A sample pie chart graphic

Statistics for Italy (1)

Type Statistic
Population 34,686,683

Places in Kingdom of Italy (1)

Click to View Location Type
Venice City

People from Italy (6)

Last Name First Name Full Name Role
Battisti Cesare Cesare Battisti
Cadorna Luigi Luigi Cadorna
D'Annunzio Gabriele Gabriele D'Annunzio
Diaz Armando Armando Diaz
Salandra Antonio Antonio Salandra
Victor Emmanuel Victor Emmanuel Victor Emmanuel

Books about Italy (4)

Title Author Last Name Author First Name
Italy at War
Italy from Napoleon to Mussolini Albrecht-Carrié René
The White War: Life and Death on the Italian Front, 1915-1919 Thompson Mark
Italy, France And Britain At War Wells H. G.