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Albania

Germany and King Ferdinand of Bulgaria squeeze pincers on Serbia at the city of Nisch. Germany and Austria-Hungary began their joint invasion across Serbia's norther border on October 6, 1915. Bulgaria entered the war on the side of the Central Powers on October 14, and invaded Serbia from the east. Nisch fell to the invaders on November 5.
The Serbia capital of Belgrade on the Danube and the city of Monastir on the Greek border are marked with initials.
Handmade postcard map dated November 12, 1915.
Text:
Serbien Kopot, Kapot, Kaput (?)
Peter bankraft, bankratt (?)
Marked are the Adriatic and Aegean Seas, Greece, Albania, Montenegro, Bulgaria, neutral Rumania, Hungary.
Deliblat. (?)
Reverse:
Unsern tapferen Truppen im Felde gewidmet von der Tintenfabrik Eduard Beyer, Chemnitz i/s - Teplitz i/s.
Dedicated to our courageous forces in the field from the ink factory Edward Beyer, Chemnitz i/s - Teplitz i/s

Germany and King Ferdinand of Bulgaria squeeze pincers on Serbia at the city of Nisch. Germany and Austria-Hungary began their joint invasion across Serbia's norther border on October 6, 1915. Bulgaria entered the war on the side of the Central Powers on October 14, and invaded Serbia from the east. Nisch fell to the invaders on November 5.
The Serbia capital of Belgrade on the Danube and the city of Monastir on the Greek border are marked with initials.
Handmade postcard map dated November 12, 1915.

Image text

Serbien Kopot, Kapot, Kaput (?)

[Serbian King] Peter bankraft, bankratt (?)

Marked are the Adriatic and Aegean Seas, Greece, Albania, Montenegro, Bulgaria, Rumania, Hungary.

Deliblat (?)



Reverse:

Unsern tapferen Truppen im Felde gewidmet von der Tintenfabrik Eduard Beyer, Chemnitz i/s - Teplitz i/s.

Dedicated to our courageous forces in the field from the ink factory Edward Beyer, Chemnitz i/s - Teplitz i/s

Other views: Larger, Back

In the First Balkan War (October 8, 1912 to May 30, 1913) Greece, Bulgaria, Montenegro, and Serbia united against Turkey, defeating it, and shrinking its foothold in Europe. When the war ended, much of the territory that became Albania was held by Montenegro, Serbia, and Greece.

On November 28, 1912, Albania declared its independence which the Treaty of London that ended the war confirmed, but Serbia continued to hold part of northern Albania, and Greece part of southern. Essad Pasha, the last Turkish governor of the territory, held some control of the central part of the country.

After entering the war, Italy occupied the Albanian port of Valona in 1915.

Albania became embroiled in the Great War when Serbia was defeated and its army began its retreat from Serbia on November 25, 1915 through its neighbor to the Adriatic coast. Retreating through the mountains in winter, the Serbs were bombed by Austro-Hungarian aircraft, and attacked by Albanian brigands. The Serbian Army reached Scutari, Albania on December 7, and continued to the coast, with between 100,000 and 150,000 reaching the Albanian coastal cities of Durazzo and Valona. At Valona, the Italians resisted their advance. In the spring of 1916, the French Navy transported them from Albania to Corfu and ultimately to the left wing of the Salonica front.

Although the invasion of Serbia was a coordinated attack by Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria, Austria-Hungary continued its advance by seizing Montenegro, and then moving into northern Albania. This angered German commander Falkenhayn, but infuriated Tsar Ferdinand of Bulgaria who threatened war on Austria-Hungary.

In late September, 1918, as Italian commander Diaz prepared a major attack, Austria-Hungary retreated. On October 1, General Pflanzer-Baltin began withdrawing Austro-Hungarian forces from Albania.

Albania is a country in Europe.

A sample pie chart graphic

Statistics for Albania (1)

Type Statistic
Population 1,000,000

Books about Albania (1)

Title Author Last Name Author First Name
The Balkans, A Laboratory of History Sloane William