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Bulgarian Army

A Liebig advertising card of the Bulgarian Army from the series Armées des États Balcaniques published in 1910.
The card shows, from left to right, a general, a soldier in summer dress, an aide-de-camp, a staff officer, a horse guard, a detachment of cavalry, and a regular infantry company.

A Liebig advertising card of the Bulgarian Army from the series Armées des États Balcaniques, published in 1910.
The card shows, from left to right, a general, a soldier in summer dress, an aide-de-camp, a staff officer, a horse guard, a detachment of cavalry, and a regular infantry company.

Image text

Armées des États Balcaniques. Bulgarie.

Véritable Extrait de Viande Liebig.

Voir L’Explication au verso.



Armies of the Balkan states. Bulgaria.

Real Liebig Meat Extract.

See the explanation on the back.



Reverse:

Le service militaire general est introduit depuis 1889 dans la principanté de Bulgarie, récemment érigée en royaume. Les musulmans seuls peuvent s’en faire exempter moyennant une taxe determine. L’armée se compose, en temps de paix, de 23,000 fantassins commandés par 1400 officiers, de 3700 cavaliers avec 160 officiers, de 6250 artilleurs et soldats du train des equipages avec 315 officiers, et de 1900 soldats du genie avec 90 officiers. En cas de guerre, la Bulgarie peut mettre sur pied une armée active de 127,000 hommes, une reserve de 80,000 et une armée territorial de 48 bataillons à 600 hommes, soit en tout plus de 240,000 hommes.



Armies of the Balkan States

Bulgaria. - General Military service was introduced since 1889 in the principality of Bulgaria, recently elevated to a kingdom. Only Muslims can only purchase exemption for a set fee. The army is composed, in peacetime, of 23,000 infantry commanded by 1,400 officers, with 160 officers for 3,700 cavalry, 6,250 soldiers gunners and artillery support, commanded by 315 officers, and 1,900 engineer with 90 officers. In case of war, Bulgaria can field a standing army of 127,000 men, a reserve of 80,000 and a Territorial Army of 48 battalions of 600 men, a total of more than 240,000 men.

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When Bulgaria entered the war in October, 1915, its Army consisted of the First, Second, and Third Armies. A Fourth Army was formed on November 25, 1917. The Commander-in-Chief throughout the war was General Nikola Zhekov.

The First Army was commanded by Lieutenant General Kliment Boyadzhiev. He was replaced by General Dimitar Geshov on September 27, 1916. Geshov was in turn replaced by General Stefan Nerezov on July 30, 1918. The Army took part in the invasion of Serbia, and later moved to the Lake Doiran sector on the Bulgarian left facing the British. The First Army repeatedly stopped British offensives, but was ordered to withdraw from its position on September 20, 1918 as the Bulgarian front collapsed. The Army's retreat through narrow valleys was observed by the RAF which returned to bomb and strafe, turning a retreat into a rout. The First Army was demobilized ib October 15, 1918.

The Second Army was commanded by Lieutenant General Georgi Todorov until February, 1917, then by Major General Ivan Lukov. It took part in the 1915 invasion of Serbia. It held the center of the Bulgarian line on the Salonica Front.

The Third Army was commanded by Lieutenant General Stephan Toshev until his replacement by Major General Stefan Nerezov on November 26, 1917. Nerezov was replaced by Lieutenant General Sava Savov on July 30, 1917, then Savov by Lieutenant General Georgi Todorov on November 30, 1917. The Third Army took part in the advance into Dobrudja during the invasion of Romania. It was later moved to the Balkan Front on the Bulgarian right.

The Fourth Army was commanded by General Stephan Toshev.

Much of the Bulgarian Army was demobilized in October, 1918 after Bulgaria signed the armistice.