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Bulgaria signs an armistice

Illustration of Turkish quarters in the Dardanelles from 'Ambassador Morgenthau's Story' by Henry Morgenthau, American Ambassador to Turkey, 1913 to 1916.
Text:
Turkish quarters at the Dardanelles
These dugouts, for the most part, were well protected. The Turks defended their batteries with great heroism and skill

Illustration of Turkish quarters in the Dardanelles from 'Ambassador Morgenthau's Story' by Henry Morgenthau, American Ambassador to Turkey, 1913 to 1916.

Image text

Turkish quarters at the Dardanelles

These dugouts, for the most part, were well protected. The Turks defended their batteries with great heroism and skill

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In the Balkans, where combined Serbian, French, British, Italian, and Russian (now INTERRED????) forces had held a line facing three??? Bulgarian armies along the northern border of Greece ??????, the commander of Allied forces in the sector, French General Franchet d’Esperey, launched an offensive across the entire front on September 15, 1918. From west to east: The Serbs, moving through the mountains, advanced 20 miles in two days west of the Vardar River. Cavalry (Moroccan French Spahis) move through the mountains and took Veles???? On to Skopje?? The French move forward. The two armies (1 and 2???) holding the Bulgarian right collapsed.

In the east, the British attacked at Lake Doiran, but were repulsed with heavy casualties in two assaults over two days. ??? Faced with the collapse of his right wing???, Bulgarian general Todorov??? ordered the withdrawal of his army holding steadfast against the British. Stunned, the Nth Bulgarian Army retreated from Doiran through a narrow passage along the valley (of the River Vardar???). Strafed and bombed by British, the initially orderly withdrawal turned into a rout.

Defeated, Bulgaria signed an armistice on September 29, the same day the British breeched the Hindenburg Line.

1918-09-29