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King Constantine of Greece

King Constantine of Greece in military uniform.
Text:
König Konstantin von Griechenland
(König der Hellenen).
King Constantine of Greece
(King of the Hellenes).
4710
Logo: NPG
Orig.-Augn. von E. Bieber
Hofphot., Berlin V.
Original photo by E. Bieber
Hofphot., Berlin W.

King Constantine of Greece in military uniform.

Image text

König Konstantin von Griechenland

(König der Hellenen).



King Constantine of Greece

(King of the Hellenes).



4710

Logo: NPG



Orig.-Augn. von E. Bieber

Hofphot., Berlin V.



Original photo by E. Bieber

Hofphot., Berlin W.

Other views: Larger

Constantine became King of Greece upon the assassination of his father in 1913. Educated in Germany, and married to the sister of Kaiser Wilhelm II, Constantine was pro-German and at odds with his Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos.

With the failure of the Allied invasion of Gallipoli, Easterners sought another front from which to attack Turkey, and were drawn by the Greek port of Salonica. Their interest spiked when Bulgaria mobilized. Claiming to have been invited by Venezelos, Britain and France each rushed one division from Gallipoli. These 13,000 troops landed at Salonica on October 5, 1915.

On October 7, Constantine refused to assist Serbia. Venizelos resigned and was replaced by Zaimis.

With the threats of civil war and further Allied invasions, Constantine was forced to abdicate in 1917. He went into exile in Switzerland.

Greece

Roles held by King Constantine of Greece

Role Start Date End Date
Head of State