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Ferdinand Foch

General Joseph Joffre, President Poincaré, King George V, General Ferdinand Foch, General Douglas Haig in 1916 after the replacement of Sir John French by Douglas Haig, but before that of Joseph Joffre.
Text:
The King at the Front. 'The Smile of Victory' - An historic group
'Daily Mail'
Official Photograph
Crown Copyright reserved
89
Reverse:
'The Smile of Victory' - An historic group
Left to Right: General Joffre, President Poincaré, H.M. The King, General Foch, Sir Douglas Haig
Official War Photographs
Crown Copyright Reserved
Series XII No. 89
Passed by Censor
Printed in England

General Joseph Joffre, President Poincaré, King George V, General Ferdinand Foch, General Douglas Haig in 1916 after the replacement of Sir John French by Douglas Haig, but before that of Joseph Joffre.

Image text

The King at the Front. 'The Smile of Victory' - An historic group



'Daily Mail'

Official Photograph

Crown Copyright reserved

89



Reverse:

'The Smile of Victory' - An historic group

Left to Right: General Joffre, President Poincaré, H.M. The King, General Foch, Sir Douglas Haig



Official War Photographs

Crown Copyright Reserved

Series XII No. 89

Passed by Censor

Printed in England

Other views: Larger

Ferdinand Foch was ultimately Commander in Chief of the Allied Armies in France.

In August 1914, as the Allies retreated before the German advance, Joffre reconfigured his forces, and gave Foch command of what would become the French Ninth Army.

The day before the Battle of the Marne began, he ignored Joffre's order to stay on the defensive by attacking on September 5, anticipating Joffre's counter-attack by a day.

Foch served as liaison to Sir John French, commander of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) on the continent.

With Joffre, he led the French forces in the First Battle of Artois. In the Third Battle of Artois, part of Joffre's great offensive in the autumn of 1915, he commanded the French 10th Army.

Operation Michael, the first of Germany's 1918 drives for victory, made clear that the Allies needed increased coordination of their forces on the Western Front. On March 26, as the German advance continued, the Allied commanders met and appointed Foch Supreme Commander to coordinate the Allied armies. On April 3, his was given command of strategic direction of military operations. On April 14 he was appointed Commander in Chief of the Allied Armies in France, though Allied Commanders Haig, Pétain, and Pershing each retained the right to appeal Foch’s decisions to his own government. Foch, however, controlled the reserves, and used them for counter-attacks.

One of Foch's goals in 1918 was the freeing of the railroads from Paris to Amiens, Verdun, and Nancy.

Foch was made a Marshal of France.

October 2, 1851

France

Roles held by Ferdinand Foch

Role Start Date End Date
Combatant - General
Author

Books by or about Ferdinand Foch (4)