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Romanian Army

An advertising card of the Rumanian Army from the series Armées des États Balcaniques, published in 1910.
The card shows, from left to right: a non-commissioned officer and artillery gunners, a staff officer, a rosiori (a red hussar), a mounted policeman (dismounted), a kalarachi (territorial reserve cavalry), a chasseur (venatori or rifleman), and an infantryman.
Reverse:
Roumanie
Le service militaire general est obligatoire pour les Roumains. Il commence avec la 21me année et dure 25 ans. Le service actif est théoriquement de 7 ans, mais se décompose en réalité en une période de service effectif de 3 à 5 ans et en une seconde période de 2 à 4 ans de congé.  L’armée roumaine se divise en quatre corps comprenant 3000 officiers, 48,000 hommes et 360 pièces d’artillerie. Sur pied de guerre, l’effectif pourrait être porté à 3500 officiers et 150,000 hommes auxquels il convient d’ajouter 50,000 miliciens et territoriaux. 
– Au recto de cette carte figurent, en commençant par la gauche : un sous-officier d’artillerie et des artilleurs, un officier d’état major, un hussard rouge (rosiori), un homme de la gendarmerie montée, un hussard kalarachi, un chasseur (venatori), et un fantassin.
Romania
General military service is compulsory for Romanians. It starts at age 21, and lasts 25 years. Active duty is theoretically seven years, but in reality is divided into a period of active service of 3 to 5 years and a second period of 2 to 4 years of leave. The Romanian army is divided into four army corps consisting of 3,000 officers, 48,000 men and 360 artillery pieces. On a war footing, the number could be increased to 3,500 officers and 150,000 men to which should be added 50.000 militia and territorials [home guard]. - The front of this card shows, starting from the left: a noncommissioned officer and artillery gunners, a staff officer, a rosiori [the Romanian equivalent of a hussar], a mounted police

An advertising card of the Romanian Army from the series Armées des États Balcaniques, published in 1910.
Shown, from left to right, a non-commissioned officer and artillery gunners, a staff officer, a rosiori (a red hussar), a mounted policeman (dismounted), a kalarachi (territorial reserve cavalry), a chasseur (venatori or rifleman), and an infantryman.

Image text

Véritable Extrait de Viande Liebig.

Voir L’Explication au verso.



Reverse:

Roumanie

Le service militaire general est obligatoire pour les Roumains. Il commence avec la 21me année et dure 25 ans. Le service actif est théoriquement de 7 ans, mais se décompose en réalité en une période de service effectif de 3 à 5 ans et en une seconde période de 2 à 4 ans de congé. L’armée roumaine se divise en quatre corps comprenant 3000 officiers, 48,000 hommes et 360 pièces d’artillerie. Sur pied de guerre, l’effectif pourrait être porté à 3500 officiers et 150,000 hommes auxquels il convient d’ajouter 50,000 miliciens et territoriaux. – Au recto de cette carte figurent, en commençant par la gauche : un sous-officier d’artillerie et des artilleurs, un officier d’état major, un hussard rouge (rosiori), un homme de la gendarmerie montée, un hussard kalarachi, un chasseur (venatori), et un fantassin.



Romania

General military service is compulsory for Romanians. It starts at age 21, and lasts 25 years. Active duty is theoretically seven years, but in reality is divided into a period of active service of 3 to 5 years and a second period of 2 to 4 years of leave. The Romanian army is divided into four army corps consisting of 3,000 officers, 48,000 men and 360 artillery pieces. On a war footing, the number could be increased to 3,500 officers and 150,000 men to which should be added 50.000 militia and territorials [home guard]. - The front of this card shows, starting from the left: a non-commissioned officer and artillery gunners, a staff officer, a rosiori [red hussar], a mounted policeman [dismounted], a kalarachi [territorial reserve cavalry], a chasseur (venatori) [rifleman], and an infantryman.



Armées des États Balcaniques. Roumanie.

Armies of the Balkan states. Romania.



Véritable Extrait de Viande Liebig.

Ne concourt plus dan les Expositions depuis 1885.

L’Extrait de Viande Liebig sert à preparer ou à améliorer toutes

Other views: Larger, Back

When Romania declared war on Austria Hungary on August 27, 1916, its Army consisted of the Third Army stationed along the Bulgarian border, and the First, Second, and Fourth Armies positioned around Austro-Hungarian Transylvania. A Reserve force protected the capital of Bucharest.

The army had 505,000 men and officers, in 23 divisions, but lacked rifles, machine guns, artillery, and aircraft.

By the end of 1916, the Army had lost 163,515 dead, seriously wounded, or missing, and 146,600 taken prisoner. In the first months of 1917, cholera and exanthematic typhus devastated the army. From December, 1916 to May, 1917, 13,160 of the I Army Corps died, 23 percent of the corps' men and officers. Estimates of the dead toll from disease for the entire army exceed 100,000. Medical personnel from France, England, Italy, Switzerland, and the United States, and warmer weather, eventually restored the army to health.

General Henri Berthelot led a French Military Mission to reconstruct, train, and rearm the Romanian army. By summer 1917, Romanian regiments had heavy artillery and more machine guns than their German opponents. Franco-Romanian air units were formed. The army acquitted itself well in the summer battles of 1917 — the Battle of Mărăşti in July 24 and the Battles of Mărăşeşti and Oituz in August.

Russia's Bolshevik Revolution and withdrawal from the war made it impossible for Romania to continue fighting, and military operations were suspended for negotiations on December 9, 1917.

On November 10, 1918, King Ferdinand mobilized the army and Romania re-entered the war.