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Paris, France

Map of Paris and environs with surrounding forts and fortifications.
From the series, Kennen Sie schon "Die grosse Zeit" (Do you know the high times already?)
Reverse: 
B. Z. Kriegskarte (B.Z. war map)
Verlag der B. Z. am Mittag, Berlin (Publisher of the B.Z. am Mittag, Berlin)

Map of Paris and environs with surrounding forts and fortifications.
From the series, Kennen Sie schon "Die grosse Zeit" (Do you know the high times already?)

Image text

Kennen Sie schon "Die grosse Zeit" (Do you know the high times already?)

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The encirlement of Paris, political, cultural, and financial capital of France, was an objective of the Schlieffen Plan, Germany's war plan for defeating France. The city was shelled during the initial German invasion of France, and again in the German offensives of 1918. During the war, it was bombed by Zeppelins and airplanes.

On Monday afternoon, August 31, 1914, with German forces threatening Paris, and the retreat of the Allied armies showing no end, the French Cabinet Council voted to move the Government to Bordeaux, a move of personnel, documents, gold, and other valuables that continued through September 3 when President Poincaré, the Ministry, and members of the Senate and Chamber of deputies left.

The Government recalled General Joseph Gallieni from retirement to lead the defense of the fortified city. When the German First Army, rather than encircling Paris, turned eastward north of the city, Gallieni played a key role in the attack, launched from Paris, on the German right wing and the Allied victory at the Marne in September 1914.

During the advances of the five German spring offensives of 1918, beginning with Operation Michael, Germany's Somme Offensive, on March 21, Paris was again struck by long-range guns. With the success of the Allied Aisne-Marne Offensive - the Second Battle of the Marne - and the increasing Allied command of the air, Paris was no longer directly threatenend.

Paris, France is a city in France.

A sample pie chart graphic

Statistics for Paris (1)

Type Statistic
Population 2,888,110

Books about Paris (2)

Title Author Last Name Author First Name
The Paris Front: an Unpublished Diary: 1914-1918 Corday Michel
Northern France and the Paris Region; The Green Guide Michelin Green