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Nieuport

A French Nieuport fighter plane in flight, possibly a Nieuport 17, but possibly another model up to the Nieuport 27, with machine guns both above the upper wing, and along the fuselage.
The V struts, machine gun mounted above the upper wing, circular cowling, upward sweep of the tail, the tail itself, all mark the plane as a Nieuport.
Text:
1. French plane taken above the clouds.
Original 5x7 Aerial Photo. Reverse: blank.

A French Nieuport fighter plane in flight, possibly a Nieuport 17, but possibly another model up to the Nieuport 27, with machine guns both above the upper wing, and along the fuselage.
The V struts, machine gun mounted above the upper wing, circular cowling, upward sweep of the tail, the tail itself, all mark the plane as a Nieuport.

Image text

1. French plane taken above the clouds.

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The Etablissments Nieuport produced many models of a single-seat French fighter plane designed by Gustave Delage. Most Nieuports were sesquiplanes, with a bottom wing significantly smaller than the upper. The Nieuport 17 was a highly successful Allied response to Germany's Fokker E.I, and helped restore balance in the Western Front air war in the spring of 1916.

Delage designed the Nieuport 10, a two-seater reconnaissance plane that proved to be underpowered, and a race plane, the Nieuport Bébé. Delage modified the Bébé into the Nieuport 11 scout plane, which was the basis for models through the Nieuport 27.

Some models of the Nieuport 11, 16, and 17 were fitted with incendiary Le Prieur rockets on the struts. The rockets were inaccurate and had only moderate success against observation balloons and none against Zeppelins.

The Nieuport 28 was a new design with a circular fuselage cross section. With it Delage abandoned the sesquiplane for a fuller bottom wing and the V-strut for parallel struts.

French aces Charles Nungesser and Georges Guynemer, British ace Albert Ball, and Canadian ace Billy Bishop all flew the Nieuport 17. Many of the flyers of the American Expeditionary Force flew the Nieuport 28.

Nieuport is an aircraft: single-seat scout plane.