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Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Lenin, revolutionary, politician, leader of the Russian Bolshevik Party, head of government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and its successor, the Soviet Union. From 'The War of the Nations Portfolio in Rotogravure Etchings Compiled from the Mid-Week Pictorial
Published by the New York Times Co.'
Text:
Nikolai Lenine, Bolshevist Premier of the Soviet Government until arrested by his associate, Trotzky, in 1919.

Vladimir Lenin, revolutionary, politician, leader of the Russian Bolshevik Party, head of government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and its successor, the Soviet Union. From 'The War of the Nations Portfolio in Rotogravure Etchings Compiled from the Mid-Week Pictorial
Published by the New York Times Co.' © Copyrighted 1919 by the New York Times Company

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Nikolai Lenine, Bolshevist Premier of the Soviet Government until arrested by his associate, Trotzky, in 1919.

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Exiled from Russia after the 1905 Revolution, Vladimir Lenin lived and wrote in Switzerland through much of the war. Arguing against an imperialist war, he wrote and argued that Russia's defeat would be a step towards revolution.

Eager to have him spread his message within Russia, Germany transported him between the neutral countries Switzerland and Sweden on a sealed train (technically meeting the requirements of neutrality) for travel on to Russia.

He arrived in Petrograd April 16, 1917 after the February Revolution. The next day he spoke to the Petrograd Soviet demanding an immediate end to the war, the transfer of power to the soviets, and redistribution of wealth.

He continued to speak and against the war and for his program, but fled to Finland in July in the turmoil after the Kerensky Offensive and the failed coup attempt by the conservative General Kornilov. The provisional government first imprisoned leaders opposing the war, then freed and armed them to defend against Kornilov's coup.

Kerensky's failure increased the calls for an immediate end to the war. Lenin returned to Petrograd on October 23, and began organizing an armed revolt with Leon Trotsky.

The Bolsheviks seized power in the October Revolution. Lenin was named chairman of a Bolshevik executive created by the soviets.

Trotsky headed the peace negotiations that eventually produced the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, and Lenin played little part in them. He opposed Trotsky's failed "no peace, no war" position that led to Germany occupying vast swaths of Russia. Lenin focused on internal affairs.

Lenin was wounded in a failed assassination attempt in August 1918.

Russia

Roles held by Vladimir Lenin

Role Start Date End Date
Political Activist

Books by or about Vladimir Lenin (1)

Title Author
Lenin and the Russian Revolution Antonella Salomoni