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Bessarabia

Map showing the territorial gains (darker shades) of Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece, primarily at the expense of Turkey, agreed in the Treaty of Bucharest following the Second Balkan War. Despite its gains, Bulgaria also lost territory to both Romania and Turkey.
Text:
The Balkan States According to the Treaty of Bucharest; Acquisitions of New Territory shown by darker shades

Map showing the territorial gains (darker shades) of Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece, primarily at the expense of Turkey, agreed in the Treaty of Bucharest following the Second Balkan War. Despite its gains, Bulgaria also lost territory to both Romania and Turkey.

Image text

The Balkan States According to the Treaty of Bucharest; Acquisitions of New Territory shown by darker shades

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East of Moldavia, Romania, the Russian region of Bessarabia had a significant ethnic Romanian population.

In autumn 1917, the Autonomous Moldavian Republic of Bessarabia, revolutionary Soldiers Assemblies were formed, and a Country Assembly was formed.

On April 9, 1918, the Country Assembly decided in favor of Bessarabia's union with Romania.

Bessarabia is a region in Russia.