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East of Moldavia, Romania, the Russian region of Bessarabia had a significant ethnic Romanian population.

In autumn 1917, the Autonomous Moldavian Republic of Bessarabia, revolutionary Soldiers Assemblies were formed, and a Country Assembly was formed.

On April 9, 1918, the Country Assembly decided in favor of Bessarabia's union with Romania.

Bessarabia is a region in Russia.