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Romania signs the Treaty of Bucharest, ending its initial involvement in the war

A British Mark IV tank advances across the red field, star and crescent moon of a Turkish flag under a chain of grey and yellow clouds. Entitled Entente-török fegyverszünet, Entente-Turkish Armistice, it refers to the British-Turkish Armistice signed on October 30, 1918, that took effect on October 31. Original watercolor postcard by Schima Martos.

A British Mark IV tank advances across the red field, star and crescent moon of a Turkish flag under a chain of grey and yellow clouds. Entitled Entente-török fegyverszünet, Entente-Turkish Armistice, it refers to the British-Turkish Armistice signed on October 30, 1918, that took effect on October 31. Original watercolor postcard by Schima Martos.

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Entente-török fegyverszünet



Entente-Turkish Armistice

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Romania signed the Treaty of Bucharest, ending its initial involvement in the war, on May 5, 1918.

After its declaration of war on Austria-Hungary on August 27, 1916 and its invasion of Transylvania, Central Power forces overran much of the country, Wallachia and Dobrudja, by the end of the year. What remained of the Romanian Army retreated to Moldavia.

In 1917, the Romanian Army rebuilt, with material aid from France and Russian troops helping to hold its line. By summer, Romania was again able to begin offensive operations.

Russian support was threatened by the Russian Revolution, and began to collapse after the failure of Russia's Kerensky Offensive. With the success of the Bolshevik Revolution and a Russian armistice with the Central Powers, Romania was forced to negotiate its own, and signed an armistice on December 9, 1917.

Negotiations between Romania and the Central Powers, begun after the suspension of military operations on December 9, 1917, were drawn out. On February 8, 1918, Prime Minister Brătianu and his cabinet resigned. General Alexandru Averescu formed new government. General Mackensen participated in the opening of the final negotiations on March 6 which were managed by the German and Austro-Hungarian Ministers for Foreign Affairs. Austria-Hungary's Ottokar Czernin threatened King Ferdinand with renewed hostilities. On May 7, 1918, Romania signed the Treaty of Bucharest. Parliament refused to pass it, and was dissolved. King Ferdinand of Romania would not ratify it.

1918-05-07