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Tank

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A Mark V tank from the monument to the Tank Corps, Pozières, France. (Thanks to James Reeve of the site Landships II for the following: The model on the monument is of a Mk V. You can tell by the second cab on the roof towards the rear, and the ventilation louvres on the side towards the rear. Also, the Mk IV male carried 3 machine guns (1 in the cab and 1 in each sponson) as well as the 6 pounders, and the female 5 (1 in the cab and 2 in each sponson). The Mk V had an additional machine gun fitted in the rear panel, making 4 in the male and 6 in the female.) © 2013, John Shea

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Near this spot the first tanks used in war went into action on 15th Sept 1916

This monument is erected to the memory of the officers, warrant officers, non-commissioned officers & men of

The Tank Corps who fell in action in the years 1916-1917-1918 during The Great War.

Three additional plaques list the battles in which the Tanks Corps fought:

1916 - 1st Somme, Ancre

1917 - 1st Arras, Messines, 3rd Ypres, 1st Cambrai

1918 - 2nd Somme, River Lys, Hamel-Marne-Moreuil, Amiens-Bapaume, Arras-Epehy, Cambrai-St. Quentin, Selle-Mormal Forest

Other views: Front

On September 15 and 25, 1916 in the Battle of the Somme, the British used thirty-six in advances on the villages of Flers, Martinpuich, and Courcelette. They were most successful in Flers where seven tanks led the attack, and three made it through the village with the infantry behind.

Before the infantry assault on April 9, 1917 to begin the Battle of Arras, the British conducted a five-day preparatory bombardment that included new ammunition designed to better cut barbed wire. Sixty Mark I and Mark II tanks were available, and distributed among the army corps and along the battle front.

In the Battle of Cambrai, the tanks were first used as the British Tank Corps advised, in large numbers and heavy concentrations. On November 20, 1917 380/381 tanks, most of them gigantic Mark IV tanks, reached their objectives on the first day, but there was no plan or reserves to exploit their success.

The French first used tanks in the Nivelle Offensive launched on April 16, 1917, the large heavy Schneider tanks. They later built the smaller, lighter two-man Renault tank that was also used by the American army, and fielded several hundred in 1918.

Germany ordered tanks in significant numbers only in the summer of 1918, too late for their offensives of that year.

Technologies in Tank (4)

Click to View
Mark IV Tank Mark IV Tank
Renault FT Tank Renault FT Tank
Schneider CA1 Tank Schneider CA1 Tank
Whippet Tank Whippet Tank

Books about Tank (4)

Title Author Last Name Author First Name
First World War Tanks Bartholomew E.
The Battle of Cambrai Cooper Brian
Tanks and Weapons of World War I Fitzsimons Bernard
The Tank Corps by Major Clough Williams-Ellis & A. Williams-Ellis Williams-Ellis Clough