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Portuguese Expeditionary Force

Tulips among the headstones in the Portuguese Cemetery in Neuve Chapelle, France. Portugal joined the Entente Allies in 1917. They were on the front line in %+%Event%m%97%n%Operation Georgette%-%, the German Lys Offensive, the second German drive of 1918. The Cemetery is across a field from the Indian Memorial. Nearby is the Laventie German Cemetery.

Tulips among the headstones in the Portuguese Cemetery in Neuve Chapelle, France. Portugal joined the Entente Allies in 1917. They were on the front line in Operation Georgette, the German Lys Offensive, the second German drive of 1918. The Cemetery is across a field from the Indian Memorial. Nearby is the Laventie German Cemetery. © 2014 by John M. Shea

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On each headstone

Portugal

1917 1918

Other views: Front, Left Side

In retaliation for the sinking of Portuguese vessels, neutral Portugal seized 38 German vessels in Portuguese waters on on March 8, 1916. Germany declared war the next day after Portugal refused thea demand for their immediate release. Austria-Hungary declared war on March 15.

Portugal field an Expeditionary Force of 50,000 under the command of General Fernando Tamagnini de Abreu e Silva that arrived in France on February 3, 1917, and saw action in Flanders on June 17.

The Portuguese were driven back at the Battle of the Lys, Germany's Georgette Offensive, on April 9, 1918, and had 6,000 prisoners taken.

On August 25, 1918, Tamagnini was replaced by General Tomás António Garcia Rosado.

A Portuguese Cemetery is hundreds of yards from the Indian Memorial at the site of the 1915 Battle of Neuve Chapelle.



1917-02-03, 50,000 men, (Gilbert, P 308). In action 1917-06-17 in Flanders (P 341). Driven back at Battle of the Lys 1918-04-09, 6,000 prisoners taken (P.413)