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Dreibund

The three rulers of the nations of the Triple Alliance: Emperor Wilhelm II of the German Empire, Emperor Franz Joseph, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, and King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy.
Text:
die drei Bundesfürsten
The Three Confederated Sovereigns
gez[eichnet] R. Barrer Stuttgart
signed R. Barrer Stuttgart
Reverse:
Postmarked Cuxhaven, Germany, October 7, 1912

The three rulers of the nations of the Triple Alliance: Emperor Wilhelm II of the German Empire, Emperor Franz Joseph, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, and King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy.

Image text

die drei Bundesfürsten



The Three Confederated Sovereigns



gez[eichnet] R. Barrer Stuttgart



signed R. Barrer Stuttgart



Reverse:

Postmarked Cuxhaven, Germany, October 7, 1912

Other views: Larger, Back

Driebund, a new Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey. The three emperors allied in the 1914/15 war of nations: Franz Josef, Emperor of Austria-Hungary, Sultan Mohammed V of Turkey, and Wilhelm II of the German Empire.

On August 2, 1914, Turkey signed a secret pact with Germany primarily directed against Russia.

on August 8, the German battleships, Goeben and Breslau entered Turkish waters in the Dardanelles Strait, one of the bodies of water separating Europe from Asia and leading to the Black Sea. The ships passed the forts on the north and southern shores that defended the strait (and that that von Sanders had been improving), crossed the Sea of Marmara, and, at the mouth ??? of the Bosphorus Strait leading to the Black Sea, laid anchor in Constantinople, capital of Turkey.

The Dreibund - Triple Alliance - became a Vierbund - Quadruple Alliance - when Bulgaria entered the war on . . .

It became a Dreibund again, when Bulgaria signed an armistice on September 29, 1918

The Alliance ended on

On October 31, 1918, Turkey, having lost in Mesopotamia and Palestine and with Allied forces of Salonika in striking distance of Constantinople, capitulated. Hmmm, Taylor, p. 244: On October 30, 1918, Turkey signs an “Armistice of Surrender” with the British.

1914-10-30

1918-10-30