TimelineMaps

Follow us through the World War I centennial on Follow wwitoday on Twitter

Artois

A panorama of Loretto Heights including part of Vimy Ridge. Notre Dame de Lorette, a pilgrimage site in 1914, stood on the Heights, and was, with Vimy Ridge, part of the high ground seized by German troops in the Race to the Sea after the Battle of the Marne. French commander Joffre hoped to capture Loretto Heights and Carency, a village the Germans had fortified, in the First Battle of Artois in December, 1914.
Text:
Panorama der Lorettohöhe
Panorama of Loretto Heights
Reverse:
Message dated June 25, 1916, and field postmarked the next day by the Fourteenth Reserve Corps.

A panorama of Loretto Heights including part of Vimy Ridge. Notre Dame de Lorette, a pilgrimage site in 1914, stood on the Heights, and was, with Vimy Ridge, part of the high ground seized by German troops in the Race to the Sea after the Battle of the Marne. French commander Joffre hoped to capture Loretto Heights and Carency, a village the Germans had fortified, in the First Battle of Artois in December, 1914.

Image text

Panorama der Lorettohöhe



Panorama of Loretto Heights



Reverse:

Message dated June 25, 1916, and field postmarked the next day by the Fourteenth Reserve Corps.

Other views: Larger, Back

Artois is a region in France through which the front line ran. The Race to the Sea of 1914 snaked northwards through Artois after crossing the Somme River. As each side tried to outflank the other, trying to capture or hold territory and cities of strategic value, the line passed into Artois from September 27 to October 10, east of Albert, west of Bapaume, through Arras, west of Vimy, through Lens and Loos, east of Festubert, through La Bassée, east of Neuve Chapelle, west of Lille, and across the Lys River into Belgium.

Some of the war's most-contested territory was in Artois including the cities of Arras and Lens, and the high ground of Vimy Ridge and Loretto Heights.

The First Battle of Artois was fought in December, 1914, and the Second in the spring of 1915. The Champagne-Loos-Artois Offensive in the autumn of 1915 was an Anglo-French offensive fought in Champagne and Artois. In Artois, the Battle of Loos was the British offensive and the Third Battle of Artois the French.

The 1917 Battles of Arras and Vimy Ridge were fought over some of the same land, with Canadians troops finally capturing the high ground of Vimy in the latter battle.

Artois is a region in France.