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The Evacuation of Gallipoli

In July 1915, British and German forces fought three engagements in Hooge, a village near Ypres with a destroyed chateau held by the Germans, and its stables held by the British. A British mine on July 19 opened a crater 120 feet across. On July 30, the Germans attacked with flamethrowers, the first time the British had faced the weapon. Map from Military Operations France and Belgium, 1915, Vol. II, by Brigadier-General J.E. Edmonds and Captain G.C. Wynne. Map by Major A.F. Becke R.A. (Retired) Hon. M.A. (Oxon.)
Text:
Sketch 14
Hooge, 30th and 31st July 1915.
The Liquid-Fire Attack

Legend:
German Front Line before the Attack
German Front Line at the close of the Action
British trenches, captured or evacuated
British Front Line at the close of the Action
British trenches
Unoccupied crater

In July 1915, British and German forces fought three engagements in Hooge, a village near Ypres with a destroyed chateau held by the Germans, and its stables held by the British. A British mine on July 19 opened a crater 120 feet across. On July 30, the Germans attacked with flamethrowers, the first time the British had faced the weapon. Map from Military Operations France and Belgium, 1915, Vol. II, by Brigadier-General J.E. Edmonds and Captain G.C. Wynne. Map by Major A.F. Becke R.A. (Retired) Hon. M.A. (Oxon.)

Image text

Sketch 14

Hooge, 30th and 31st July 1915.

The Liquid-Fire Attack



Legend:

German Front Line before the Attack

German Front Line at the close of the Action

British trenches, captured or evacuated

British Front Line at the close of the Action

British trenches

Unoccupied crater

Other views: Larger

In London, matters NO NO NO

Hamilton replaced by Sir Charles Monro. Quickly decides to withdraw. Kitchener agrees. Asquith brings in Robertson as Chief of Imperial General Staff, undercutting Kitchener’s power.

Gilbert, November 27, 1915, Over 1,000 men drown at Gallipoli. On November 29, over 100 freeze to death.

By ????, 1915, Turkey had approximately ??? men on the Gallipoli Peninsula and the Asian side of the Dardanelles supported by ???? Germans, all under the command of Liman von Sanders. The Allies had ???,???, and had begun preparing for winter, and winter struck early. On October ???

On/By ?????, ???? had decided to evacuate the ??? men at Suvla Bay. This would be followed by the decision to evacuate all Allied forces.

The navy calculated that it could remove ???? men in the single final night, an operation that had to be completed silently, in darkness. Guns were rigged (?Suvla?) to fire automatically. Men slit the throats of mules on the beach, and lit fuses to blow up supplies that had not and could not be carried off. Between ??? and ????, ???? men made their way to the landing/disembarking points, and were taken to the ships. At ???, the supplies exploded. The Turks . . .

All the errors, the missed chances, the loss of life, may be somewhat atoned for in the evacuation of Gallipoli, an operation, three operations really, at Suvla, Anzac, and Helles, for which casualty estimates ran as high at 50%. Total casualties were ???? two??? The evacuations all followed the same pattern of making activity look normal: bringing supplies and reinforcements in, moving, keeping up activity throughout the day, but withdrawing men at night. Many of the supplies were empty crates. The Allies wanted to leave no supplies to the defenders, including the mules and horses (?) transporting the supplies. The greatest fear was of an attack on a line that was increasing thin.

Numbers, Gilbert, p. 213.

???ule In the course of the final night at Suv

NO. 18 December, 191

1915-12-18

1916-01-09

The Evacuation of Gallipoli is part of The Allied invasion of the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey.